Peru, 2003
Country name: Republic of Senegal 
Governement type: republic under multiparty democratic rule 
National holiday: Independence Day, 4 April
Historical background: Senegal's recorded history dates from the 8th century, when it was part of the empire of Ghana. As this empire waned, the Djolof kingdom arose and flourished during the 13th and 14th centuries. By the early 1500s, Portuguese traders had made contact with the coastal kingdoms but were displaced by the British, French and Dutch. By the end of the 19th century, France controlled all of Senegal. In the run-up to independence, Senegal joined French Sudan to form the Federation of Mali. The federation gained independence in 1960 but broke up two months later. Senegal became a republic under the presidency of Léopold Senghor. At the end of 1980, Senghor stepped down as president. His place was taken by Abdou Diouf. In the early 1990s, there were serious clashes in the Casamance region between the army and separatist rebels.  In 2000, Wade emerged victorious of a tense election against Abdou Diouf.
Flag description: three equal vertical bands of green (hoist side), yellow, and red with a small green five-pointed star centered in the yellow band; uses the popular pan-African colors of Ethiopia  Flag.
Geographic coordinates:
14 00 N, 14 00 W 
Map: Senegal
Highest point: unnamed feature near Nepen Diakha 581 m 
Border countries: The Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali & Mauritania
Capital: Dakar
Major cities: Thiès, Kaolack, Ziguinchor, Saint Louis, Diourbel
Population: 53.98 millions (2003)
Density: 21.75 hab./km²
Life expectancy: 56 years
Ethnic groups: Wolof 43%, Pular 24%, Serer 15%, Jola 4%, Mandinka 3%, Soninke 1%
Languages: French (official), Wolof, Pulaar, Jola, Mandinka 
Religion: Muslim 94%, Christian 5%
Currency: Communaute Financiere Africaine franc 
GDP per capita: € 1,500  (2002 est)
Internet country code: .sn

National anthem: listen the anthem illustrated with the Senegalese coat of arms.
Homepage | Around the world | Gazette | Jules Verne | Quid